The Senate "Fiscal Cliff" Legislation
by Reginald H. "Reg" Turnbull, CELA, Jefferson City
The Senate passed a compromise bill, the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012, to avert the fiscal cliff at about 2 a.m. January 1 by an overwhelming 89-8 vote. The deal was brokered by Vice President Biden and Minority Leader Mitch McConnell. The House voted 257-167 to pass the bill in the evening on January 1 without amendments. Thus, it is being sent to President Obama for signature.
The bill found at http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?c112:hr.8.eas: addresses many of the outstanding fiscal cliff concerns, including the Bush era tax rates, estate and gift tax rates, Medicare reimbursement, and the sequester, among numerous other issues. In addition, federal unemployment benefits would be extended for a year without a budget offset elsewhere.
The bill will extend current tax rates for individuals earning less than $400,000 and couples earning less than $450,000. Tax rates will revert to the Clinton-era rate of 39.6% from 35% for those making more than $400,000.
Due to its being indexed for inflation, the estate tax exemption increases from $5.12 million per person in 2012 to $5.25 per person in 2013 (and will continue to be indexed for inflation). Effective January 1, 2013, the top estate tax rate will increase from 35% to 40%. These rates and exemption levels are permanently extended. Portability is also extended and the gift tax exemption will remain at $5 million as well.
The payroll tax holiday will not be extended for another year. Since 2011, the payroll tax rate, which funds Social Security, was 4.2%. The payroll tax rate will now revert to the pre-2010 level of 6.2%.
The bill addressed sequestration and delayed the automatic spending cuts by two months until March 1, 2013. The cost of continuing current spending levels will be paid equally through tax revenue increases and later spending cuts (half of those $12 billion in cuts will come from defense and half of those cuts from nondefense spending). The bill reduces the total amount of the sequester by $24 billion over nine years.
There is a one year “doc fix” included in the bill. This “doc fix” prevents the scheduled 27% reimbursement cuts to Medicare physicians. The “doc fix” will not be paid through cuts to the Affordable Care Act or to beneficiaries.
Also included in the bill, and of particular interest to Elder Law Committee members, are the repeal of the CLASS Act and the establishment of a Commission on Long-Term Care. It is reported that President Obama agreed to repeal the CLASS program in exchange for Republicans agreeing to raise the tax rates on the wealthiest Americans.
The Commission on Long-Term Care will “develop a plan for the establishment, implementation, and financing of a comprehensive, coordinated, and high-quality system that ensures the availability of long-term services and supports.” The Commission will investigate the interaction between Medicare, Medicaid, and private long-term care insurance. The Commission should account for demographic changes and trends in order to improve the delivery system for long-term services and supports. The Commission will consist of 15 members with the President, Senate majority leader, Senate minority leader, Speaker of the House, and House minority leader each appointing 3 members. Members will represent the interests of consumers, older adults, family caregivers, health care workforce, private long-term care insurance, State insurance departments, and State Medicaid agencies.
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