Missouri Bar Citizenship Education

Final Exam


End-Of-Course/Government


Developed by Millie Aulbur and Russ Sackreiter


Directions: Read each question very carefully and slowly. As you read each question look for the most correct answer.

1. Which example best demonstrates a constitutional government?

A. The rule of law is present but changing
B. The rule of law is determined by congress
C. Places limits on the power of elected officials
D. The constitution must be in written form
 
2. Which statement best describes limited government?
 
A. A constitutional government governed by the rule of law
B. A government with a written constitution
C. A monarchy that allows for rule of law
D. A government that suggests the Supreme Court use rule of law

3. "A form of government that derives it power directly or indirectly from the people, is
administered by officials holding power for a limited time, and incorporates
representative institutions." -James Madison

A. A constitutional government governed by the rule of law
B. A government with a written constitution
C. A monarchy that allows for rule of law
D. A government that suggests the Supreme Court use rule of law

4. Which statement best describes a function of a written constitution?
 
A. To insure a limited government
B. To outline the role of the president, congress, and Supreme Court
C. To require the consent of the people on all legislation
D. Provide guidelines for all elected officials

5. "…An individual citizen dedicated to the common welfare of their community, even
at personal cost."
What term best describes the information in the above statement?
 
A. Republic
B. Natural Rights
C. Civic virtue
D. Classical virtue

6. Identify, which is not a characteristic of classical republicanism.
 
A. Small uniform communities
B. Citizenship
C. Civic virtue
D. Natural rights
 
7. Which trait is not exclusively associated with the concept of common good?
 
A. Doing what is best for society as a whole
B. A philosophy common to ancient Rome
C. Permitting individuals to profit from public office if it helps others
D. Teaching citizens to work for the benefit of society.

8. "Inalienable rights are inherent to each individual, regardless of wealth, social status,
or birth."
Analyze the above statement in the chart and predict how it would impact government.
 
A. Wealth and social status would determine your rights
B. All citizens would be treated equally
C. Citizens from foreign countries would not receive equal rights
D. All individuals are entitled to pursue wealth

9. Identify, which phrase best explains popular sovereignty.



A. The ultimate political authority rests with the people
B. The ultimate political authority rests with the majority party
C. The will of the majority determines political authority
D. All bills must be submitted to the people

10. Which of these is the main function of common law?
 
A. To increase the legal power of the nobility
B. To create laws that only apply to the common citizen
C. To create a council of common citizens and nobility to rule on laws
D. To create laws that would be applied consistently by royal judges

11. Which is an effect of the Magna Carta?
 
A. All individuals were given increased rights
B. The charter did not grant new rights
C. The charter only describes the relationship between the Crown and clergy
D. Proclaim certain liberties and limit the authority of the king

12. Identify the best example of rule of law.
 
A. Every member of society must obey the law
B. Officials may establish rules for the country
C. Every member of society can petition against a law
D. Individuals may force congress to create a law by petition

13. What statement best describes the Mayflower Compact?
 
A. This document created a comprehensive government
B. This document was the first to guarantee equal rights for women
C. Was a covenant created in England before the Mayflower sailed
D. Was an early example of social contract theory


14. Identify the effect checks and balances have on the legislative process.
 
A. It distributes power so that one branch or official can't dominate others.
B. It requires revenue bills to start in the Senate
C. Popular sovereignty and the will of the people comes first
D. Legislative supremacy is maintained

15. Which statement best summarizes the Articles of Confederation?
 
A. A constitution giving total power to the federal government
B. Adopted by the First Continental Congress
C. The first constitution of the United States
D. The first constitution to give the federal government power to tax individuals

16. "Proportional representation is a democratic system which aims to represent the will of the population in the legislature by proportional support. The goal of proportional representation is to more accurately reflect the political inclinations of the population." Wisegeek.com
Based on the above definition, what is the purpose of proportional representation?


A. To ensure the political will of one district is implemented
B. To better represent the political, social, and economic views in the legislature
C. To reflect the political views, and ensure passage of laws to benefit a state
D. To ensure the smaller states equal representation

17. Identify, which phrase best describes the Great Compromise.
 
A. A bicameral congress, the House based on state population, the Senate, representation
would be equal for each state
B. A bicameral congress, whereby representation would be based on the state's
population
C. The will of the majority within each state determines the number of representatives
and senators.
D. A bicameral congress, whereby representation within the House and Senate is
determined by population

18. Identify the constitutional function of the Electoral College.
 
A. Determines who will represent each political party in a national election
B. Determines who will become president in case of a tie
C. Represents the popular vote after a presidential election
D. Determines who will be president

19. The state of Missouri feels that the federal government should help pay for the renovations to Interstate 70. Which term best describes this political philosophy?
 
A. Executive order
B. Delegate power
C. Shared powers
E. Eminent domain
 
20. Identify the best example of an ex post facto law.
 
A. The new 55 mph speed limit on interstate highways goes into effect on
Wednesday. Fred Fern was given a speeding ticket the preceding Tuesday.
B. The new 55 mph speed limit on interstate highways goes into effect on
Wednesday. Fred Fern was given a speeding ticket on the following Thursday.
C. The new 55 mph speed limit law must be posted for seven months before a ticket
may be issued.
D. The new 55 mph speed limit on interstate highways allows each person to be
given one warning before issuing a ticket.

21. Choose the best example of a bill of attainder.
 
A. The president signed a bill which would make entering this country illegally a
federal crime, and all individuals caught would be sent to prison without a trial.
B. The president signed a bill which would make entering this country illegally a
federal crime, and all individuals caught would be tried and sent to prison.
C. Congress passed a bill, which would make entering this country illegally a
federal crime, and all individuals caught would be sent to prison without a trial.
D. The president has asked Congress to pass a bill, which would make entering this
country illegally a federal crime, and all individuals caught would be sent to
prison without a trial.

22. What statement best describes the impact of the supremacy clause?

A. Allows the Supreme Court to rule that state laws may take precedent over federal
laws
B. Allows Congress the authority to create state laws
C. Allows the president and Congress to create state laws
D. Places federal law above individual state laws

23. Identify the statement that best defines a tariff.
 
A. A tax on goods moving between states
B. A tax or duty on imported or exported goods
C. A tax placed on goods manufactured within the states by the federal government
D. A tax used by the states against foreign governments to protect goods
manufactured within their state

24. "If you make the citizens of this country agree to become the subjects of one great
consolidated empire of America, your government will not have sufficient energy to
keep them together."
Select the political philosophy, which best fits the above quote by Patrick Henry.
 
A. Federalists
B. Natural rights
C. Anti-Federalists
D. Strict Constructionists

25. Which statement best describes the Bill of Rights?
 
A. A list of basic rights that the federal government my not interfere with and must
protect
B. A list of basic rights that state governments may not interfere with and must
protect
C. The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which determines what laws
each state may create
D. A list of basic rights that neither the federal government nor states may amend

26. Which sentence best identifies the Federalists philosophy?
 
A. Urged ratification of the U.S. Constitution and a weak central government
B. Urged ratification of the U.S. Constitution because it allowed the states to keep
their power
C. Urged ratification of the U.S. Constitution and a strong central government
D. Were opposed to ratification of the U.S. Constitution because it allowed for a
strong central government

27. Which example best illustrates the principle of judicial review?
 
A. A constitutional government governed by the rule of law
B. A government with a written constitution
C. A monarchy that allows for rule of law
D. A government that suggests the Supreme Court use rule of law
 
28. "An organization whose aim is to gain control of the government apparatus, usually through the election of its candidates to public office."
What term best summarize the above Columbia Encyclopedia quote?

A. party platform
B. patriots
C. political party
D. equality of opportunity

29. "They say that the Negroes are very well contented in ... slavery.... Suppose it were the fact the black man was contented...to see his wife sold on the auction-block or his daughter violated.... I say that is the heaviest condemnation of the institution, that slavery should blot out a man's manhood so as to make him contented to accept this degradation, and such an institution ought to be swept from the face of the earth."
- J. Sella Martin
Read and analyze the above and identify which political group would have endorsed this philosophy.
 
A. seditionists
B. abolitionists
C. Southern democrats
D. All members of the Republican Party
 
30. Which action best describes the impact of secession?
 
A. The western states recognized the secession
B. President Lincoln recognized the secession
C. The South traded with fewer northern states
D. The South claimed to be a sovereign nation

31. Which of these is the main function of due process of law?
 
A. To increase the political rights of all citizens
B. To create laws that focus on criminal rights
C. The right to "ban" all evidence not obtained with a warrant
D. The right to be treated fairly by government, law enforcement, and the courts

32. Which is an example of fundamental rights?

A. Being represented in court by an attorney
B. Basic rights to life, liberty, and property
C. Those rights outlined in the Fourteenth Amendment
D. Those rights outlined in the First Amendment

33. Identify the best definition of substantive due process.
 
A. The content of all laws must be fair and reasonable
B. State and federal government must respect all laws
C. All First Amendment laws must be specific
D. The principles of the First Amendment require laws must be reasonable

34. Which statement best describes the impact of separate but equal?
 
A. It allowed state laws to discriminate against blacks
B. It required state law to legally have separate laws for all minorities
C. It required states to have separate facilities for blacks
D. It required states to have separate facilities for blacks and females

35. Which definition best explains a "bill"?
 
A. A proposed law that has been submitted to either the House or Senate
B. Proposed legislation that is supported by both houses of Congress
C. Proposed legislation that is supported by all members of the House and Senate
D. A proposed law submitted by citizens or a member of Congress

36. "Administration of a government chiefly through bureaus or departments staffed with nonelected officials." -American Heritage
Identify the term which best describes the American Heritage definition.
 
A. executive branch
B. legislative branch
C. federalism
D. bureaucracy
 
37. In Article II, Section 2, of the U.S. Constitution, "The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States." As commander in chief, the president has the authority to place U.S. military forces on alert and to authorize military force."
What phrase best describes the power of the president as commander in chief?

A. The president's control of the military is limited to the militia.
B. The president must have authority from congress to use military force.
C. The president is the highest-ranking person of all military forces.
D. Authorization of military force by the president must be approved by the
Joint Chief of Staff.

38. Which action best describes the concept of federalism?
 
A. The passage of No Child Left Behind
B. Missouri requiring helmets to ride a motorcycle through the state
C. The federal government forcing states to set a standard speed limit on the interstate
D. Revenue sharing of federal tax dollars

39. Which statement best explains implied powers?
 
A. Specific powers that apply to each state
B. Powers which are granted only to the Senate
C. Powers which are granted only to the president and the Senate
D. Powers not expressly stated but are inferred from stated powers

40. Which statement best summarizes the concept of jurisdiction?
 
A. The power or authority to hear cases and make decisions
B. Courts may choose if they want to hear a federal or state case.
C. The type of case a court will hear is based on where the court is located.
D. Federal courts will always have original jurisdiction over state law.

41. Identify the best description of lobbying.
 
A. A group or individual attempting to impact legislation by influencing legislators
B. A group of individuals hired by a legislator to research a bill
C. A group or individual hired by an organization to promote the common good
D. Individuals, located in the halls of congress, who are hired to help congressmen

42. What statement best describes original jurisdiction?
 
A. The first court to hear a case from a lower court.
B. The individual or group who first submits a case for litigation
C. The authority of a court to initially hear a case
D. The authority of a court to hold a trial

43. "The indirect veto of a bill received by the President within ten days of the adjournment of Congress, effected by retaining the bill unsigned until Congress adjourns."
Identify the term, which best fits, the above definition.
 
A. veto
B. pocket pardon
C. pocket veto
D. executive veto

44. Which phrase best describes de facto segregation?
 
A. Any form of segregation mandated by law
B. Groups of individuals who choose to be separate from society
C. Any form of segregation not mandated by law
D. Groups of individuals who are separate from society because of local law

45. Which phrase best describes the purpose of civil disobedience?
 
A. Political and social law that economically discriminate
B. Nonviolent refusal to obey Federal laws that are believed to be unjust
C. Nonviolent refusal to obey laws that are believed to be unjust
D. Nonviolent refusal to obey laws ruled unconstitutional by the courts

 46. Which phrase best illustrates the definition of eminent domain?
 
A. The power of the state or federal government to take private
land without the owner's consent
B. The power of the federal
government to take private land without the owner's Consent
C. The power of the state government to take private land without the owner's
consent
D. The taking of private land for public and nonfinancial use

47. Which phrase best summarizes the concept of immigration?
 
A. An individual moving from one country to another
B. An individual from one country applying for citizenship in another country
C. The government from one nation asking a citizen to move to their country
D. The movement of a citizen from one state to another

48. Which example best illustrates the process of naturalization?
 
A. Sam Smith entered America and completed the naturalization exam
B. Sam Smith immigrated to America, completed residency, and passed the
naturalization test
C. Sam Smith was born in America, lived in France for two years, returned and passed
the nationalization exam
D. Sam Smith immigrated to America, completed residency, passed the language and
naturalization test


49. Identify a possible positive effect of the United Nations
 
A. Countries have a location to resolve disputes rather than going to war
B. All member countries must resolve their disputes with the Security Council
C. All member countries must follow the decision of the Security Council, thus
preventing war
D. Since its beginning in 1945, member nations have not had a military conflict

50. Which statement best illustrates the importance of voter registration?
 
A. It prevents people who do not pay property and school tax from voting
B. It ensures that the voting process will be efficient and quick
C. It prevents a citizen from voting multiple times
D. It guarantees only resident U.S. citizens can vote

51. Irving Washington believes every citizen is entitled to change unjust laws and policies. What term best describes his philosophy?
 
A. Dissent
B. Classical republicanism
C. Social action
D. Right violent dissent

52. Which phrase best summarizes the New Jersey Plan?

A. A unicameral legislature based upon each state's population
B. A bicameral legislature having veto power
C. A bicameral legislature with each state having equal representation
D. A unicameral legislature having judicial review

53. "This law created the Judicial Branch of the federal government. Among the things provided for in the Act were: the number of members of the Supreme Court, number of district courts, the Supreme court may settle disputes between states, and the decisions of the Supreme court were final."
What term best matches the above definition?

A. Article III, U.S. Constitution
B. Supremacy clause
C. The Judiciary Act of 1789
D. The Tenth Amendment, U.S. Constitution

54. Identify the best definition of "ratify."
 
A. To receive a 75 percent approval from congress
B. To approve a presidential nomination
C. To require senate approval before nominating an individual to the Supreme Court
D. To confirm or approve

55. Identify the importance of Marbury vs. Madison.
 
A. It established the Supreme Court's power of judicial review
B. It established the Supreme Court's authority over state law
C. It incorporated the rights of the Amendments into state law
D. It forced state law to comply with federal law
 
56. "Rights to personal liberty established by the 13th and 14th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution and certain Congressional acts, especially as applied to an individual or a minority group." Dictionary.com
Read and analyze the above definition. Which term best summarizes this statement.
 
A. Political rights
B. Civil rights
C. De facto social rights
D. De facto social and political rights

57. "A process in which an individual may give up their citizenship or a naturalized citizen may have his/her citizenship taken away."
Read and analyze the above definition. What is the best term that fits the selection above?
 
A. Denaturalization
B. Naturalization
C. Deportation
D. Deportation of a native born citizen

58. Which phrase best illustrates the philosophy of civic responsibility?
 
A. The drive to take part in formal and informal activities within the community,
state, and federal arenas
B. To donate all of your land to the community, state, or federal government if it will
benefit society
C. voting for a member of your political party even if you disagree with his/her
position
D. Voting party lines to ensure that the other party never wins

59. Which statement is the best example of an economic right?
 
A. The rights included within the market system
B. The process of being a better citizen by serving one's own interests
C. All of the rights that allow you to make a living without government interference
D. Most rights within the first ten Amendments which allow a citizen to earn a
living, acquire property, buy and sell goods and services
 
60. Which three categories best summarize the rights afforded citizens of the United States?
 
A. Religious, political, and economic
B. Personal, political, and economic
C. Religious, personal, and economic
D. Constitutional, political, and economic
 

STOP! THIS CONCLUDES THE TEST