House Passes Bill to Reorganize Missouri's Criminal Code

Missouri Bar Proposal First Major Changes in More Than 30 Years

JEFFERSON CITY, MO – The Missouri House of Representatives advanced legislation Thursday by a vote of 150-7 to reorganize Missouri’s criminal code making it more transparent to the public. The measure, House Bill 210, is the result of four years of cooperative work of The Missouri Bar Criminal Code Revision Subcommittee comprised of experienced prosecutors and defense attorneys, as well as representatives from the judiciary and the legislature. The measure, sponsored by Rep. Stanley Cox, R-Sedalia, will now move to the Senate where it will receive similar consideration.

Missouri Bar President Patrick B. Starke said the revisions mark the first major update of the Missouri Criminal Code since 1979.

“Modernizing the Criminal Code to make it more cohesive and make penalties more consistent is important in making sure we have an effective and efficient criminal justice system where errors are reduced, saving taxpayers money,” Starke said. “It’s great to see such a comprehensive proposal move forward.”

The Criminal Code includes statutes that pertain to crimes and punishments, sentencing provisions, defenses, and principles of liability. Since its enactment, some statutes have become outdated, new crimes have been defined and some punishments have become inconsistent.

The specially appointed bar committee was chaired by Jason Lamb, executive director of the Missouri Office of Prosecution Services, and Gwenda Robinson, district defender of the Appellate/Post-conviction Office of the Missouri State Public Defender System in St. Louis. The panel considered, revised and reorganized the scores of statutes comprising Missouri’s Criminal Code.

Starke noted the most prominent aspect of the proposal is the reclassification of felony offenses in which a fifth felony class would be created. The subcommittee agreed this would allow for punishment to more appropriately correspond with the nature of the crime. The proposal also would increase fine amounts that have not been adjusted since the Code was enacted.

Similar legislation was introduced in the Senate by Sen. Jolie Justus, D-Kansas City, and has been heard by the Senate Judiciary and Civil and Criminal Jurisprudence Committee. A summary of the Bar’s proposed revisions to the Criminal Code is available at

Each year, The Missouri Bar drafts and endorses a variety of legislative proposals designed to improve the law on behalf of the public. The Missouri Bar is a statewide organization that is dedicated to improving the legal profession, the law and the administration of justice for all Missourians. Created in 1944 by order of the Supreme Court of Missouri, it serves all 30,000 of Missouri’s practicing attorneys. To achieve its mission, The Missouri Bar provides a wide range of services and resources to its members, as well as the media, educators and the citizens of Missouri. To learn more about The Missouri Bar, visit

MoBar Quick Info

Organization and Purpose: The Missouri Bar is the statewide organization that all Missouri lawyers must belong to if they practice law. The Missouri Bar was created in 1944 by order of the Supreme Court of Missouri. It is considered an instrumentality of the state, not a private association nor a state agency. Its mission is to improve the legal profession, the administration of justice, and law on behalf of the public.

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